Since the past, people have given importance to the aesthetic, robust and functional structures in which they live and work. Therefore, aesthetics, robustness and functionality are the three main elements of architecture. Hundreds of buildings have been built up to date with aesthetic architecture in the world and in our country, and at the same time, with its robust and functional structure, accommodating three different factors together.
In today’s article, “What is Architectural Project? , What are the architectural project phases? Üzerinde questions.
Architects who want to achieve success must combine 3 basic elements of architecture – aesthetic concern, building strength, building functionality – with their own knowledge and skills.
Following the construction wind that began under the leadership of the USSR in the 1910s, the reinforced concrete structures which were comfortable and bright in 1930s spread rapidly in Europe. After the concrete construction mentioned above, many cities of Europe were destroyed due to World War II. Due to the economic difficulties experienced after the war, the structures that need to be rebuilt were initially constructed as prefabricated. Later on, architectural projects were evaluated as a public problem, and then flashy and ambitious buildings were built with the reviving economy.
Cross-section, plan, connection details of the building; The architectural façade of the building, which gives architectural and technical information about its material, layout plans, interior structure and aesthetic concern about the harmony of the building with other buildings, is called Architectural Project.
Architectural Projects are among the documents required for building permits. Architectural projects are prepared by the architects of the building in question. Before starting a project, the architects will examine the main issues such as land structure, road route, electricity – water network, tree and climatic conditions. This study is called “First Review..
What Are The Architectural Project Phases?
After having detailed information about the demands of the employer and the land where the structure will be located, sketches are drawn according to the size of the land. Afterwards, cross-sectional and appearance drawings are made. While making these drawings, environmental factors are not ignored and the general aesthetics and architectural features of the environment are taken into consideration.
Projects should not be considered purely as technical and numerical data. Projects are taken into account on ecological, economic, social and cultural issues. In this way, the balance in public and industrial areas, residential areas or the existing order is maintained. In addition, the problems that may arise due to the balance created become predictable and solutions to possible problems are quickly produced.
This process is carried out jointly with the engineers who carry out the static project and undertake the project management.
After the sketch and design stage, perspective and technical drawings are made. After the approval of the project developed with sketch drawings, the Preliminary Project should be prepared.
The Preliminary Project is to present the design ideas mentioned above on paper to the employer. Following the approval of the preliminary project, the next step is “Final Project”.
Although exact project scales differ according to the size of the structure, 1/50 or 1/100 scales are generally preferred in drawings. In the Final Project section, the requests arising after the submission of the preliminary project are evaluated and the preliminary project is subjected to certain revisions.
Mechanical – static – installation projects are prepared in parallel with the architectural project. These projects are drawn with 1/50 or 1/100 scale according to the dimensions of the structure. In the last stage, the connection details of the materials to be used in the construction are prepared and the construction site process starts.
As İNTAÇ Engineering, we have successfully carried out many architectural, static and mechanical projects.