Around us, we see that people work every day for certain purposes, but we only witness that some of them achieve their goals and achieve success. The secret of success is not hard work. The vehicle that will carry us to our target is the whole of the planned and systematic works we will make. What is the project in this article? , What is the difference between project and operation? What is project management and why is it necessary? We will answer your questions.

What is a Project?

The PROJECT, which we often hear in our business life, is a temporary initiative to provide a unique product or service that has not been put forward, which is the starting and ending point. The project is a completely original and one-off work created by a certain number of sources. Projects develop and change in the process.

Project and operation are two different concepts that are mixed with each other. OPERATION is a previously defined continuous study with no starting or end point. Operations are repeated without modifying or minimalist changes. For example, creating a product that has not been done before is a project and putting that product into production is an operation.

What is Project Management?

PROJECT MANAGEMENT is based on the effective use of time and financial resources for the programs to be implemented. In today’s conditions where larger scale projects are carried out, project management is increasing its importance with the effect of globalization. Project management allows you to do quality work in a short time with few errors. Identifying potential problems in the planning phase of the project management enables the problem to be solved easily in the event of a crisis. Project management helps you steer your financial resources to the right side.

According to PIM (Project Management Institute), one of the world’s leading non-profit organizations, PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESSES are grouped under five headings.

1) Initiating

The activities to be carried out in the initial phase are as follows;

  • Determining the needs and objectives of the organization.
  • Evaluate previously performed or ongoing operations.
  • Cost calculations and budgeting.
  • Create a timeline.
  • To make task table and product description.
  • It is necessary to document the created documents.

2) Planning

The things to be done during the planning phase are as follows;

  • Forming a planning team.
  • Deciding how the planning will be carried out.
  • Identify / define the scope of the project.
  • Identify the products to be produced and make a division of labor
  • To estimate the resources required for the studies
  • To create time and cost estimation for the work to be done,
  • Identify problems that may occur
  • Planning crisis management for risk planning and possible problems,
  • Official approval is required.

3) Executing

The actions to be taken during the execution phase are as follows;

  • Efforts are made to achieve the objectives specified in the project management plan.
  • Coordination of employees and resources at this stage is crucial for the project to proceed in line with the management plan.

4) Monitoring and Controlling

Monitoring and Control should be done as follows.

  • See how much of the work is completed within the project.
  • Correcting problems that have occurred or are likely to occur.
  • Review the financial details with the method plan.
  • To follow the budget and time course of the projects.

5) Closing

The things to be done during the closing phase of the project are as follows.

  • Prepare and complete the administrative closing process of the project.
  • Ensuring control of procurement contracts and closing them.
  • Preparing the closing evaluation of the related project and making it a document.

As İntaç Engineering, we share our knowledge and experience in the fields of consultancy and project management with our 15 years of experience and experienced staff.