Overpass Structural Design And Static Calculations
We all have certain criteria in mind when determining the city in which we live. These criteria are mostly related to the habitability of that region. But what makes a city or a certain part of the city livable? Fresh air, cultural activities, educational facilities, landscaping and of course transport facilities can be the main answers to this question. But in today’s fast-paced world, people use their choices in favor of functional cities with convenient and safe transportation. Building functional cities is possible by using urban reinforcement elements actively and effectively. In the continuation of our article, we will explain in every aspect the overpasses that we use continuously in the incoming flow of our life which is one of the elements of the city equipment.
What Is The Overpass?
In its most basic definition, the overpass is a structure formed by joining the feet perpendicular to the floor at a certain elevation. The overpasses are designed for pedestrians and vehicles in accordance with the environmental conditions. Pedestrian overpasses are structures designed to safely cross pedestrians to the other side of the road by interrupting pedestrian traffic. In terms of life and property safety, overpasses suitable for environmental conditions should be constructed and used by pedestrians after necessary calculations and structural designs on main roads and areas where traffic flow is intense.
Overpass Structural Design
Overpasses are structures formed by joining steel or reinforced concrete legs on a statically calculated ground to a predetermined height. These structures allow pedestrians and vehicles to cross without disturbing the flow of traffic.
Engineers in the structural design process of overpasses; plan the ground bearing system relationship, considering the compatibility of the overpass to be built with the environment and resistance to natural wear.
Overpass projects, like any other project, are set in a certain systematic way. Before starting the construction phase, static calculations, ground surveys and environmental conditions are taken into consideration and design is created. Ergonomic overpasses are built following detailed drawings with the right material selection.
Overpass Static Accounts
Static Calculation is the calculation of the amount of load the ground can bear. Furthermore, the loads to be superimposed on the structure other than their own weight must be calculated properly. It is very important that the static calculations made by civil engineers are performed correctly. Failure to perform the soil analysis and static calculations correctly causes the structure to fail to bear the loads on it. For this reason, static calculations should be performed by expert engineers in the field. The overpass static calculations – regardless of concrete or steel – are compulsory in accordance with the applicable specifications.
Overpass Architectural Design
Overpasses, which we frequently encounter in densely populated and metropolitan cities, are one of the safest methods we can use to cross our lives and property. Functionality and visuality should be considered together in urban spaces. The overpasses to be built should not disturb the ambience of the environment. Nowadays, concrete overpasses that are worn out or create a bad appearance in the region are demolished are replaced by steel overpasses suitable for different designs. Original and innovative overpasses change the face of the region with its modern appearance.
As İntaç, we have successfully implemented many overpass static projects.